The convictions of the 16 members of an Amish community in Ohio was overturned. Essentially the judge had framed the matter in terms of the 2009 Hate Prevention Act. That bans "willfully causing bodily injury to any person ... because of the actual or perceived ... religion of that person." Here is the analysis by Marcia Coyle of the National Law Journal.
In reading about what allegedly took place back in 2011 and thinking about what legal experts are opining currently, I have come up with this. The motivation seemed more dark and deep-seated than simply religious intolerance. For example, the two adult children had worked up a grandiose resentment against their parents. It probably had hardened into hate.
Haters know how to hurt. Humiliation is one weapon. Removing hair, so symbolic of the victim's culture, certainly did the trick.
In addition, what we call "religion" has become an umbrella term covering a broad set of beliefs, rituals and rites. One might easily label the supposed crimes involved as representing attacks against a culture and what it represents.