" .... just because the individual that made the error is gone (or 'appropriately' frightened into submission) doesn't mean your problem [in document review] is handled ... When those leading review projects get overly fixated on who caused the problem, then they can miss what caused the problem." - Alex Rich, "The Document Review Blame Game," in Abovethelaw.com, April 22, 2015. Here is the article.
What Alex Rich describes in this essay reaches beyond the field of document review. In just about any industry where the stakes are high, the lowest person in the food chain usually is singled out for blame.
Just consider the nurses in the medical system who regularly receive reprimands for whatever. Usually the root problem, as Rich points out, is a dysfunction in the system. For example, the nurse might be assigned too many patients or there was not adequate training in how to create case notes.
The same situation prevails in communications. On digital sites, focused on clickbait, content providers are driven to operate at hyper speed posting provocative material. Let there be an inaccuracy, even in grammar or spelling. The writers can anticipate being blamed. However, an alert lawyer would label this "negligent supervision." Perhaps there will be more of those kinds of lawsuits in the workplace.
In families, the teenager who acts out is perceived as the public nuisance, not the dysfunctional family system.
When a problem emerges, traditionally there is a methodical effort to ferret out this alleged miscreant and, Puritan-like, inflict public punishment. If the professional is not fired, then he or she will carry a scarlet letter for carelessness. Expect those in the organization to distance themselves. You bet, the smart move for those fingered as the "perp" is to leave.
Can there be a migration away from blaming the individual to investigating the system? Anticipating that would be naïve in this era of total angst about losing a job, branding or a shot at a bonus or promotion.
It wasn't always like that. When I was employed full time as a ghostwriter at what would become Chevron, the boss' boss, the late Bill Cox, conducted a unit meeting to discover why some executives were negative about the content submitted to them. The system was revamped. That included introducing a primitive version of word processing, that is a typewriter with memory.
Today? I doubt middle managers and the C-suite would stick out their necks like that.
Takeaway: Those without power in organizations have to be totally self-protective. Slow down and double-check your work.